Peru’s Inca heartland is a must on any Peru itinerary and includes the captivating colonial town of Cusco, which acts as a great base for visiting the breathtaking Machu Picchu ruins and the Sacred Valley. The areas cultural richness continues to charm visitors and is an unforgettable and magical experience. Cusco is the ancient capital of the Inca Empire and is one of the most interesting and beautiful cities in Peru, with a deep-rooted Indian culture. Explore the nearby archaeological remains of Sacsayhuaman and Ollantaytambo and the picturesque market towns of Pisaq, Calca and Yucay, which still preserve many ancient traditions and ways of life. The stunning Lost City of Machu Picchu has an incredible location set on a high mountain ridge above the Sacred Valley (Urubamba Valley) and is the most iconic symbol of the Inca Empire.